How Long Do Ombre Powder Brows Last?

Ombre hair extensions at Gem Beauti have recently grown in popularity with many women. In the opinion of most professional artists, however, this style is typically chosen by those who employ smoky eye makeup or pencils to fashion their eyebrows. Smoky eyes can be achieved with pencils and an eyebrow pencil, not to mention a mascara wand or highlighter. In fact, applying eyeliner and mascara is even more difficult than applying your eyebrows, which is why most people opt for eyebrow extensions when they want to change the look of their entire face.

Women like the look of semi-permanent makeup. The semi-permanent makeup technique was invented by makeup artists for use on the upper lips. As the name implies, it does require you to apply this makeup over the course of several weeks. However, the technique has been proven to be effective for shaping eyebrows, highlighting eyebrows, and creating a fuller look for the face. For people who have naturally curly or wavy hair, applying this technique can be a challenge. The semi-permanent makeup technique can help you achieve the look you are searching for without straining your already worn-out makeup.

ombre powder brows

Many women find that applying this technique is a lot easier if they are using a liquid foundation. Applying liquid concealer over dry skin-type eyebrows can also help in achieving the look you are seeking to achieve with this technique. If you are not using a liquid foundation, the semi-permanent look can be achieved by lightly brushing the eye makeup in upward strokes. This technique is not recommended for oily skin types, nor should pregnant women suffering from skin conditions such as psoriasis apply this technique. This method should only be used by those seeking to dramatically alter their eyebrow appearance, and not for eyebrows that need little assistance to stay out of place.

The semi-permanent eyebrow styling product utilizes a cream that contains an active agent called minoxidil which will dye your hair. There are many different brands of this product available, but it is always best to research the ingredients in the cream before purchasing to ensure that you have a safe product. One of the most popular brands is Volumizing Pigment. The Volumizing Pigment brow balm contains the same active agent as the popular Microdermabrasion cream. Microdermabrasion is a long-established process for removing pigment stains from the skin, and this popular product is designed for use on the skin surface with a light application.

The most common question regarding the application of the semi-permanent eyebrow styling technique is whether or not the product can be worn longer than one day. The answer is yes! You can wear the product throughout the day on days when you would normally apply your eyebrow gel, such as when you dress up. When you are applying your daily eyebrow gel, you may experience some burning, stinging, or redness from the cream. However, if you apply your product the proper way, you should never experience any discomfort.

In addition to being worn throughout the day, the semi-permanent powdered brows technique can also be worn for a shorter amount of time, such as for a special event or date. Many women prefer to have their hair done, and using the product on an event can allow them to have the look they desire for a shorter period of time. With this shorter hairstyle, the woman does not have to worry about waxing, tweezing, or dealing with the pain of permanent waves. The longer the stay, the less time you will have to endure pain.

It is important to know that the appearance of your ombre powder brows will vary from person to person. Your skin type, your lifestyle, and even your diet all play a role in how long your ombre brows will last. For instance, individuals who do not take care of their skin will notice that their product will start to fade and crack within weeks. Individuals who are active in physical sports or those who have a very stressful lifestyle will notice that their product will begin to fade much sooner. To improve the appearance of your ombre eyebrows, you need to maintain a healthy lifestyle.

As you can see, there are many variables involved when it comes to the creation of a fuller-looking appearance. The goal of using any type of makeup, including powder brows, is to create definition and bring out your natural beauty. If you are concerned about having “bled” or “spotted” brows, you should try to avoid using intense colors and extremely bright cosmetics. You should also be very careful to not over-apply your makeup, especially when trying to create a more dramatic look. Finally, the amount of time that you spend applying your new makeup each day will also play a role in how long your brows will last. If you use your powder browse for an extended period of time, your natural beauty will appear even more radiant.

Picture Framing Designs For Every Budget

Picture Framing

Picture Framing Designs are an essential element of interior design. They are used by many to enhance the appeal of their homes. They are also an integral component of artwork. The primary purpose of Picture Framing Dallas is to protect and adequately display your art and add to your decor. To showcase and preserve your most treasured treasures and memories, create and offer creative picture framing designs that will help you to protect and display your most treasured memories and accomplishments.

There are many types of picture framing designs you can use to decorate your walls. You can use the usual box frame with a mat that has a painted border. Another type of picture framing design would be an ornate frame that has flowers, fruits, leaves or other design patterns on it. It can also have a simple border and no painted design. Yet another popular type of picture framing design is a simple frame with a small picture on it, sometimes referred to as a guest frame.

Decorating a room can be challenging at times. The right frame can add a touch of elegance and style to any room. You can find a matching frame that works well in any color scheme or mood. If you want to add more elegance to your room, consider using a black mat instead of a black frame. Black mats work perfectly in almost any room in the house. Use these handy tools to decorate your home.

When shopping for picture frames, consider using a hand finished product. A hand finished frame will allow you to choose the size of mat you want. You can get a small one foot square mat for $2.00 or use a large 2 foot square mat for $4.00. A hand finished product will give you the best craftsmanship available. The finished look is not hard to achieve.

Picture Framing Designs – Using Ornate Frame Samples In order to find the right frame for your picture collection you may want to browse through some of the ornate frame sample pictures that are available. Ornate frame samples are great because they allow you to see how a particular frame will look when it is framed with ribbon or some other type of decorative trim. They also allow you to see how it will look when it is mounted with a picture. Most ornate frame samples will include a matching photograph so that you can get a good idea of how it will look framed.

If you already have a picture collection to display, but would like a bit more elegance, consider using a custom picture framing design. These are made for those who do not have a lot of space to spare for a custom framing design. A custom picture framing design can be created to fit your unique dimensions. You can also choose a custom picture framing design that incorporates the theme of your entire picture collection. These are a great option for those who want to create a beautiful frame without taking up a lot of space.

Framed Artwork – Custom Framed Artwork – When you choose a framed artwork design you will have many options to consider. Framed art can be framed as a collage, or it can be simply displayed on its own. Some artworks are simply too complex for standard framing; in this case you will need to consider an oversized photo frame that allows you to hang the artwork without disturbing the picture. If you are looking for a simple black frame to use on a picture, you will want to consider purchasing a simple black frame with a silver twist. This will provide a simple appeal that matches most artwork that you have in your frame.

If you are looking to purchase a picture frame and do not already have a beautiful collection to use, you can browse to various websites that offer custom framing. These sites feature a wide variety of hand finished, antique, and modern farming products. You will easily find a unique piece of hand finished artwork to enhance any room in your home while adding a touch of elegance to your decor!

What Are Precious Metals?

What are Precious Metals? The first question that comes to mind is, “What is a precious metal?” Metals are any of several elements that are chemically identical to a particular element. Thus, one can say that any metal is a precious metal because all metals can be mixed up with each other in such a way as to have their atomic constituents any different from any other element.

What Are Precious Metals

Some of the most commonly known and valuable metals are gold, silver, platinum, iron, mercury, ruthenium, palladium, iridium, selenium, iridium, titanium, nickel, phosphorus, sulfur, zinc, and nickel. Gold and silver are usually the most easily found metals in the world. Because of this, they form the foundation for a wide range of investments. Precious metals are used for jewelry, coins, bullion, and bartering. They can also be used for carving statues and icons, for embellishing automobiles, planes, boats, etc. Precious metals make up a large part of the world’s monetary system. If you want to learn more about precious metals, you can visit this website at and see the money metals exchange reviews.

Precious metals make up an essential part of the world’s monetary system. As an investment vehicle, gold coins and bars have been used by people for centuries to secure safe-haven investments. In the past, gold was viewed as a store of wealth, and it is still considered as such to this day. Therefore, the economic value of gold coins or bars is not based on any physical factors but on the market price of gold per ounce.

Gold bullion and gold bars are safe-haven investments that provide investors with a steady return over time. Unlike other types of safe-haven investments, such as government bonds, the price of gold has not fluctuated significantly over time, which means that investors can purchase them for a specific price, and they receive the same economic value each year. Investors in other precious metals may not be able to do this, as their prices can change depending on the state of the economy.

Precious metals are generally used for industrial uses. They are used in everything from automobile parts to electronics to medical devices, which make them popular worldwide. Many private individuals also invest in precious metals for the industrial uses listed above, as they also offer a solid return on their investment. Precious metal investors benefit when the economy improves, as the price of gold and silver increases because of an improved economy.

How are Precious Metals different than traditional investments? The main difference between investing in Precious Metals and investing in stocks or bonds is that traditional investments are not subject to the same degree of economic fluctuation. When gold and silver prices are strong, these investments are safe, as long as they do not lose their value due to inflation. In contrast, Precious Metal investments may lose their value if the economy suffers an economic collapse. This reason leads many more investors than ever to begin buying Precious metals as a safe haven investment.

Are gold and silver a good place to start when you are thinking about making a safe haven investment? Silver and gold are both excellent safe havens for economic uncertainty. Gold has always been a steady investment that offers a steadily increasing rate of return, but since the economy is uncertain, you have to weigh the risk of investing more money into gold. On the other hand, silver is a much more practical choice for regular investment because it is less likely to lose its value in times of economic uncertainty, and it can be easily transformed into a functional currency. Gold and silver are also excellent investment choices for individuals who want to have a physical asset with which to secure their wealth.

There are many different methods of investing, from mutual funds to bank accounts and stock portfolios. Investments can vary widely based on an individual investor’s preferences. Investing in Precious Metals has long been a popular method of investing, and there are numerous investment opportunities available. Whether you prefer to invest in precious metals yourself or seek the assistance of a professional, there is an opportunity for you to become a financially stable individual by becoming involved in Precious metals investing. With so much variety and accessibility, investing in Precious metals makes a great investment choice for people interested in building wealth over time. A little research and study will help you find the perfect avenue for your investments.

How to Attach Wood to the Stucco Wall

Depending on the function of the wood item, there are corresponding methods builders use in attaching wood to a stucco wall or surface. 

Construction Adhesive

  1. Clean the stucco surface area using a scrub brush and cleaning solution.  Make sure to remove the dirt, grit, and grease especially to the spot where you intend to install the wood. Using a dry rag, wipe it out and allow it to dry.
  2. Carefully read the instruction for the construction contact adhesive to identify the set time for adhesive before applying it.
  3. Squeeze and apply adhesive into the wall and on the rear side of the wood. Put and press the rear face of the wood against the stucco that is coated with adhesive. Firmly press and hold the wood against the stucco as indicated set time for the adhesive. 

Mount to Stud

  1. Find studs by stretching a tape measure from the exterior wall corner to the center of the wall or search using stud finder from the interior of the building. Usually, studs are spaced 16 inches on center. From your measurements, minus the width of the stucco layer and wall sheathing. Then, using a pencil mark the location of the stud fo reference. 
  2. Fasten the wood drill bit to the power drill. Select a bit that is almost close or equal in diameter to the smooth portion of the lag screw shank. Take note that the smooth portion excludes threads. Cut a hole through the wood and attach a masonry drill bit to the drill. On the stucco stud mark, drill a hole. 
  3. Fasten a wood bit to the drill. Choose a quite smaller in diameter than the lag screw’s smooth shank so that there’s sufficient wood for threads to grab. Through stucco’s hole, feed the bit and start drilling a starter hole into the stud. The depth of the starter hole must be approximately equal to the length of the screw.
  4. Fasten the nut driver to the drill. Place the hole in the wood and the hole in the stucco in alignment with each other. In the nut driver, mount the head of the screw. Push the screw tip through the wood and the stucco’s hole until the tip reaches the stud. Drive the screw into the stud and keep working until the crew’s head pulls the wood flush against the stucco surface.

Wall Anchor

  1. Mark using a tape measure and pencil the spot where the fastener of the wood’s surface is located. Fasten the wood a little to the power drill then drill through the wood exactly at the mark. Place the wood against the surface of stucco at the preferred installation spot. 
  2. Fasten the masonry bit to the power drill. At the fastener mark, drill through the stucco surface until the bit reaches the wall cavity. For the toggle bolt’s toggle, unfasten the screw.  Right through the wood’s hole, use the pencil to draw a fastener mark on the stucco surface. 
  3. On the surface of the stucco, feed and pish the toggle. The wood flush must be pressed against the stucco surface. In order to draw the toggle against the interior of the wall, turn the screw clockwise using a screwdriver. Just continue to tighten the screw until the screw head flush lies against the wood and strongly attach the wood to the stucco.  

How to Replace Sprinkler Valve

If you have a sprinkler, you should know that there will come a time for you to replace its valve. It’s typically located inside a valve box where there are four to five valves, there are some signs that can indicate that it’s the right time to replace it. To enlighten you, here are some of the signs that you should look after:

  • The sprinkler doesn’t easily turn on,
  • The leakage on the valve or sprinkler head, not allowing the sprinkler to turn off completely, and
  • Insufficient water goes to the sprinkler head.

Now, there are some things that you must do before and after buying a replacement valve.

Make sure that you choose the correct and exact replacement part for your sprinkler valve. You can do this by:

  • Making a list of the type and the size of the valve before buying; or
  • Removing the actual valve from the valve box and bringing it to the store.

Also, make sure to bring a PVC adapter or ask for one in the store just to see if it fits perfectly on your new valve. Typically, the PVC adapters have two different ends – one male-threaded end for the valve socket and one female slip-fit end for the PVC irrigation pipe. 

Speaking of PVCs, the job will also require you to do some works related to PVC by joining the PVC with solvent cement. 

Here are the actual steps for replacing the sprinkler valve:

  1. Turn off the water source. To do this, rotate the valve handle on the main supply pipe of the system. If the handle is perpendicular to the pipe, then the valve is securely closed. If you don’t have a direct shutoff for the sprinkler, turn the water off directly in the water meter or your house’s main shutoff.
  2. Disconnect the wiring. As you disconnect the wirings, make sure you remember the exact placement where the low-voltage wires are attached because you should also do it the exact way for your new valve. You can do this by taking a photo of the wiring before removing it.
  3. Remove the old valve. With a hacksaw, a reciprocating saw, or a PVC pipe cutter, cut through the PVC irrigation pipes just below the old PVC adapters. Make sure you do this as close as possible to maintain the pipe’s length. With this, your replacement valve will be just a little lower than the one replaced. Then, remove the plastic burrs with a utility knife or sandpaper. Make sure that no debris gets into the pipes. 
  4. Prep the new valve. Use a plumber’s tape to install the new PVC male on the replacement sprinkler valve. Wrap it around the threaded end of each adapter and thread it into a valve socket. Then, tighten the adapters with tongue-and-groove pliers. Make sure you don’t overdo this to avoid cracked plastic parts. 
  5. Install the new valve. Read the manufacturer’s instructions for the PVC. You will need a PVC primer and solvent glue to apply on the insides and outside pipe ends of the female adapter sockets. Then, fit the replacement valve to the pipes by pushing it down until it fits snugly on the adapter sockets. Let it dry according to the manufacturer’s instructions. 
  6. Attach the wires back and test. Now, use the picture you took of the wirings earlier and apply it to the new valve. Slowly turn the shutoff to turn the water on. As the water run, check for any leakages or faults. To ensure that the wire works just fine, check if the timer works with the new valve. 

That’s it! You can now enjoy your sprinkler without any leakages and other faulty functions. If this has helped you with your problems, don’t hesitate to share this with others!

How to Turn on Sprinkler System

After the harsh winter season, comes springtime. Depending on where you live in the United States, reopening your sprinkler systems might be during early spring in the South, and later in the North. The estimated time is to assure that the occurrence of freezing sprinkler pipes will not happen. 

And so, how do you open your sprinkler system for springtime? This post is to help you open up your sprinklers without problems. Follow these steps, and you’ll have your sprinklers running!

1. Investigate the lawn first

The first thing you need to do is to determine if the sprinkler system is ready to operate again for the spring season. By checking the ground beneath if it’s still frozen, you can prevent the scenario of having broken pipes and other damaged components, which can end up with costly repairs. 

Begin by digging up soil at a remote area in your yard. The depth should be at least 1 foot deep. If the ground beneath is still frozen, that means you have to postpone your plans to reopen the sprinkler system. Wait for a few weeks until the soil beneath is not frozen anymore.

2. Turn on the control panel

Once the ground is not frozen anymore, you can now open up the sprinkler system! Before that, you need to do some things first. First, locate the control panel installed outdoors. Open it up, and check the settings to determine if there are changes or you want to make changes. Replace the batteries of back-up power if it has one, if all of those are past six months old.

3. Inspect the sprinkler heads

Before opening up the main valves, you should check the condition of the sprinkler heads first. Otherwise, it will cause problems like uneven irrigation in some areas in the lawn later on. Make sure almost all the sprinkler valves are closed, except the one far away from the water source since that’s where the stuck-up air from the pipes will come out. Then, inspect the sprinkler heads one by one. If the nozzles have obstructions, then brush it off with an old toothbrush. 

4. Open up the main water supply valve slowly

Once the visual inspection of sprinkler heads is over, it’s time to open up the main water supply valve gradually. Suddenly opening up the main valves will cause the pipes and valves to suffer extensive damage due to sudden and immense build-up of pressure. 

The proper way to do this is to slightly open up the main valve (preferably about ¼ of full opening), to reintroduce water into the pipes. The gradual opening will also force out the air at the open sprinkler head at the farthest distance from the main valve. Wait for several minutes, then gradually open in intervals of every few minutes until fully opened.

5.  Check for any problems while the sprinkler system is running

While your sprinkler system is now operational for its first watering in springtime, use this as an opportunity to detect unseen problems. Begin by using the control panel to open up one zone at a time and check if there are unusual occurrences like malfunctioned sprinkler heads. The instance of a water stream coming out of sprinkler heads at low pressure is a possible indication of a damaged water supply pipe. 

To verify if it’s a damaged water supply pipe, maintain the water supply at the zone to see if an area in that zone becomes soggy. If it occurs, turn off the main water supply and replace the broken pipe. 

There might also be instances where some sprinkler head’s spray pattern is unusual. Which is why, noting which sprinkler heads need adjustments during the first watering is crucial. 

After resolving the issues that occurred in the first run, do another run and see if there are other issues. If everything is now okay, then it’s good to run until before winter.

And with that, you can now turn on your sprinkler systems by yourself! If you think this has helped you, then please don’t hesitate to share this with others!

How Much Does A Sprinkler System Cost

There are several reasons why you would want to purchase a sprinkler system. 

First, it’s convenient. If you have a sprinkler system, there’s no need to drag the garden hose around and spend time watering the lawn. 

Second, it’s efficient. Having a sprinkler system will mean uniform and complete coverage of lawn watering in a short period thanks to its programmable features.

Third, it’s eco-friendly. And I don’t just mean ecological, but also economical! Its efficiency prevents water wastage, which also saves money from costly water bills.

With all that said, how much would a sprinkler system cost? 

For this post, we will elaborate on the cost of a sprinkler system, and the comparison of cost between residential and commercial use.

Cost of an Automatic Sprinkler System 

Using an automatic sprinkler system is a wise choice, especially if your house has a large lawn. There would be no need to walk around with a garden hose in hand, which will consume time that otherwise, you can use for other chores. Not only that, by adjusting and programming the sprinkler system, it will automatically uniformly water the lawn, which will prevent some areas from being oversaturated with water. You can leave it to function for three seasons, until it needs to be winterized for the winter season.

Based on the statistics from Home Advisor, purchasing an automatic sprinkler system costs $2,630 on average for a 1/4-acre yard, which is the average lawn size in the entire United States. However, the general lawn area still varies from state to state. 

The provided cost of the automatic sprinkler system includes the controller, which is priced from $10 to $325 on average. The most expensive options are generally smart controllers and ones that can be adjusted from your phone, which allows you to take control of the system even if you are far away from home.

Commercial-use vs. Residential-use Sprinkler System

However, the cost of the commercial use automatic sprinkler system is different than that of residential use. It’s because the expenses for a commercial irrigation system is generally higher than a residential one thanks to the larger pipes, more powerful equipment, and extra-durable materials used, to cover an even larger area. The actual price for each project is dependent on the size of the job and the number of zones required to cover the entire place. Talk to a pro for an accurate estimate to install commercial irrigation.

Above-ground vs. Underground Sprinkler System

Now, let’s compare the difference in pricing when it comes to sprinklers that run above the ground, which is the drip irrigation and the underground one, which is the automatic sprinkler system. The price of a drip irrigation system is from about $1,800 to $2,500 per acre. That is according to the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. As expected, the expenses are a fraction of the traditional option, which costs about $10,280 per acre on average, which is much more economical.

If you can afford to purchase and install a sprinkler system for your lawn, make sure you do! Having one will cut time and expenses.

How to Repair Sprinkler Line

Despite the unimaginable amount of convenience that sprinkler systems have brought to homeowners across the world thanks to their intuitive and nearly human intervention-free function, they are not without their fault. As wonderful inventions of the 21st century as sprinkler systems may be, they are still susceptible to damage from all sorts of reasons.

Perhaps the most common issue that you may face would be a blown sprinkler line or a leak in the pipes. This is a problem that’s plagued residential and commercial owners alike for decades, and the troubleshooting and fix for it may appear to be too intimidating for the average homeowner.

I can assure you, though, that fixing this issue is as easy as can be. Let’s begin with what to prepare.

Materials and Tools

Here are a couple of tools and materials that you’ll be needing and using this endeavor. Be sure to prepare them all beforehand so as to make the entire process as seamless as can be.

  1. Hand Trowel
  2. Cloth
  3. Hacksaw
  4. Band Clamp
  5. Slip Coupling
  6. Screwdriver

Step 1: Finding the Leak

The first thing that you should do is to locate where the actual broken pipe. This can be done in several ways, all of which will require a lot of your patience because you will have to be looking for damaged pipes below ground.

Regardless, they’re relatively easy to spot so long as you look for irregularly wet sections of the soil. Check and see the puddle in it If you can see bubbles flowing from up underground, indicating that the water in the puddle is coming from underground.

Step 2: Dig, dig, dig!

After you’ve found the problem site, first turn off the sprinkler system to stop the leak. Then, with your hand trowel, dig very carefully around the area where you suppose the broken section of the pipe would be. Lift the sections of soil up and set it aside until you can very clearly see the pipe that has leakage. Clear a bit of the soil around it so you can move and work on it freely.

Use the cloth or any other rag to clean the pipe from any debris before you begin tinkering on it.

Step 3: Fixing Time

Now is the actual time to fix the leak. With the hacksaw, cut the section of your pipe that’s broken clean off, making sure that the slip coupling you have will fit in it. Then, place the band clamps on each cut end of the pipeline.

Insert the slip coupling and use the screwdriver to finish the job by tightening the band clamp and sealing the pipe.

Step 4: Job Well Done!

The last thing you’ll have to do—before you cover everything up to return it to how it looked before—is to turn on the sprinkler and check for a leak. That way, while the pipe is still exposed, you can see and make sure you’ve done a good job. Once everything is a-okay, return the soil to where it once was and tidy everything up—good as new!

How to Winterize Your Sprinkler System

To winterize means that you have to prepare something for the upcoming winter season. The sprinkler system is no exception. After working it’s hardest on the summer season, it’s time to put it to rest during the winter season. It’s because winter will cause the water inside your sprinkler system to freeze, which in turn, will cause damage and rupture to your water pipes, valves, and fittings. That’s why it’s crucial that before winter, you’ve already winterized your sprinkler system.

And so, how do you winterize your sprinkler system? There are two processes you need to do to put your sprinkler system to rest during winter, and those are:

Rid the sprinkler system of water by manual draining.

To do so, you need to shut off the backflow valves that prevent the water in the sprinkler system to backflow into the house water system, and then open the manual draining valve of the sprinkler system. With this, the water inside the sprinkler system will flow out by itself. However, since the underground pipes of the system is subject to shifting over time due to various reasons, there might be leftover water that cannot be removed with this process. That’s why you need to the next process to completely drain the sprinkler system of water.

Use an air compressor to remove the remaining water inside the sprinkler system.

You need to do this to remove the leftover water inside the system. However, caution must be exercised at using the air compressor since it might cause irreversible damage to the sprinkler system. Here’s how to do it:

  1. Make sure the backflow valves are shut off first.
  2. Turn off the water supply valve for the sprinkler system.
  3. Set the system timer to open just one zone.
  4. Remove the plug at the blow-out port and insert the air compressor hose adaptor.
  5. Plug the other end of the hose adaptor to the air compressor.
  6. Proceed to blow out the remaining water out of the sprinkler in the zone. Release the air pressure once the head of the sprinkler comes out and begins releasing water. This is to prevent the tiny plastic gears inside the sprinkler head from being damaged.
  7. Once done, open up another zone and redo number 6.
  8. Once the entire sprinkler system is free of leftover water, remove the hose adaptor and seal the blow-out port with its plug.

Keep in mind a few things before doing this process. If you have an irrigation plan, check the respective output of each zones (in gallons per minute or GPM in short) then divide the values to 7.5 to see how much airflow in CFM you’ll need to blow out water without damaging the pipes in the zone. Or just use a 10 CFM (cubic feet per second) air compressor instead. Then set the air compressor’s pressure regulator to a maximum of 50 psi for the flexible black polyethylene pipe or 80 psi for rigid PVC pipe.

And with that, your sprinkler system is now ready for the oncoming winter season! If you think these tips have helped you winterize your sprinkler system, don’t hesitate to share this with others!

How to Remove Rust from Concrete

No one likes seeing rust stains on their driveway or sidewalk, and it can be a mystery to some people how these stains came to be there. Rust stains can easily form on any surfaces, including concrete. 

When metal gets wet, it goes under chemical processes and creates rust, and it can leave rust stains onto your concrete surfaces. Whatever cause it may come from, rusts can tarnish your home’s appearance.

It is important to keep in mind that rust stains that have been on the concrete may take a longer time before it can be cleaned. With that being said, we will break this tutorial into two parts: removing minor rust stains and removing major rust stains. If you do not know how long the stain has been on your concrete, you can start treating it using processes from removing minor stains. If it does not work, you can move on to treatment using processes from removing major stains. Let’s get started.

Minor Rust Stains

  1. Start by cleaning the concrete using soap and water. This process will wash away surface-level grease or dirt that may prevent the acid from removing rust. Simple dish soap should do the trick.
  2. After cleaning the surface, you may start adding pure lemon juice. Don’t use a diluted one, as the stronger the acid, the better it can remove stains. Once you’ve soaked the stain with lemon juice, leave it that way and let it sit.
  3. Once you’ve let the lemon juice sit, you may now start brushing the stain away. If you are worried that you might strip off your paint, you can always use a nylon brush or any delicate brush. If your wall is extremely delicate, you can use a sponge; however, it might not be as effective.
  4. After doing all of these, rinse the spot with water and let it dry. If it still has some stain residue, go at it again using the same process, but now adding some stronger acids, like white vinegar.

Major Rust Stains

If the lemon and vinegar process just won’t cut it, try a commercial rust cleaner instead.

When looking for a rust remover, look for a product that contains oxalic acid, as this ingredient will get the job done. Another acid to look for is the trisodium phosphate. However, when this acid was left sitting on the concrete for too long, it might turn the concrete blue.

When working with acids, make sure that you are wearing the right gears and equipment, as acids can harm our skin.

By process, it is most likely just the same with the minor stain processes, however, you will now use powerful rust cleaners instead of lemon juice and vinegar. 

  1. Clean the surface using soap and water.
  2. After cleaning the surface, this is when you will put the rust remover. Apply thoroughly and generously. Let it sit for a while and let the stain fully absorb it.
  3. After letting it sit, this is where you can start scrubbing the stain away. The brush that you need to use will depend on how sensitive your paint is.
  4. After doing these, if there are still stubborn stain marks, just use a pressure washer. If it still can’t remove it fully, repeat the process all over.